2015 fastest lap Lewis Hamilton, 1m26.672s (lap 48)
Name Autodromo Nazionale di Monza
First race 1950
Circuit length 5.793km/3.600 miles (sixth longest of the season)
Distance to Turn One 380m/0.236 miles (longest of season: Barcelona 730m/0.454 miles)
Longest straight 1.120km/0.696 miles, on the approach to Turn One
Top speed 370km/h/230mph, on the approach to Turn One (the fastest of the season)
Pitlane length 420m/0.261 miles, estimated time loss 24s (longest of season: Silverstone, 489m/0.304 miles)
Full throttle 75 per cent (the highest of the season)
DRS zones Two, on the approaches to Turns One and Eight
Key corner Turn 11, Parabolica, a 180-degree right-hander to end the lap. The cars approach the corner at 330km/h (206mph), slow to 1180km/h before clipping an early apex and getting on the power as quickly as possible because the longest straight on the lap follows
Fastest corner 295km/h (183mph), Turn Three
Slowest corner 80km/h (50mph), Turn One
Major changes for 2016 None, except for a few changes to the kerbs
Fuel consumption 1.89 per lap, which is average
ERS demands Medium. There are four straights along which the cars exceed 320km/h (199mph), but only a few slow corners at which to harvest energy under braking
Brake wear High. There are only six braking events around the lap, but all are from high speed
Gear changes 46 per lap/2,438 per race
Monza has staged more world championship grands prix than any other circuit. It was built in 1922 by the Milan branch of the Italian Automobile Club and only once, in 1980, has the track not been on the F1 calendar. It’s located inside the walls of a royal park and it remains the fastest circuit on the calendar.
What makes it unique
The long straights. The cars exceed 320km/h (199mph) on four occasions around the lap, resulting in the highest average speed of the season – 255km/h (158mph).
Low. Straight-line speed is vital at Monza, so the cars run in their lowest downforce configuration of the season. As a result, they produce less aerodynamic grip and become more of a handful to drive, especially under braking.
Average. Until the death of Wolfgang von Trips in 1961, Monza was a flat-out oval. In an effort to slow the cars, the layout was changed to a road course in ’62, and 10 years after that, the first chicane was added to slow the cars further. The most recent change in the name of safety was the addition of asphalt run-off at the exit of Parabolica in 2015.
Watch out for…
Turn Seven, the second Lesmo. This is a deceptively fast right-hander (280km/h/174mph) and it’s vital to maintain a good exit speed because it’s followed by the second longest straight on the lap, along which the second DRS zone is located.
The drivers on: the circuit
#14 Fernando Alonso
“As we saw in Azerbaijan, the developments that have been made to these turbo cars mean they’re now incredibly fast, and we’re going to see some serious speeds along the straights at Monza. This is always such a quick race – it’s over in a flash – and while it’s not always the most enjoyable to race with such low grip, the feeling of speed is phenomenal.”
#22 Jenson Button
“I love the notion of coming to a racetrack that’s distinctly different from the others. We saw that in Spa last weekend – it’s no secret that, along with places like Monaco, Singapore and Suzuka, it’s also one of the circuits that the fans most love – and Monza is no exception. People often think that Monza is all about the straights, with tight, small corners – but that’s not really true: corners like the Lesmos, the Ascari chicane and Parabolica are big, fast corners that require precision and commitment. It’s a great track.”
Start time 14:00hrs local/13:00hrs BST
Race distance 53 laps (full world championship points will be awarded after 75 per cent distance/40 laps)
Safety Car likelihood Low. There is only a 43 per cent chance of a Safety Car
When to press record The start. The track is very wide along the start-finish straight, which gives the cars plenty of room for manoeuvre on the long run to Turn One. The cars are travelling at close to 300km/h (186mph) by the braking point, which usually results in some excitement as they slow for the slowest corner on the track
Don’t put the kettle on…Between laps 20 and 30. Every car in the top 10 made only one pitstop last year, stopping at around half-distance. Drivers try to do as few stops as possible at Monza because pitstops are very expensive; the pitlane is long and the cars are limited to 80km/h (50mph), while rivals pass on-track at 370km/h (230mph)
Tyre choices Supersoft/Soft/Medium, the same combination that was used at last weekend’s Belgian Grand Prix
First Italian Grand Prix
La Pista Magica.
Italy’s F1 heritage
The country is steeped in racing history. Monza is the third oldest permanent circuit in the world, after Brooklands in the UK and Indianapolis in the USA, and Ferrari is the sport’s oldest team. Given such a long-standing passion for racing, it’s one of the great anomalies that there has been no Italian world champion since Alberto Ascari in 1953.
Smallest winning margin
0.01s, in 1971. It was the last of the classic slipstreaming races, prior to the first chicane being installed in 1972. Peter Gethin won from Ronnie Peterson, with the top five home separated by just 0.61s.
Until 2006 there were often two grands prix in Italy, one at Imola and the other at Monza. Now there’s only one race, at Monza, and it’s usually a sell-out. There’s always a fabulous atmosphere in the grandstands, as exemplified by the enormous crowd under the podium at the end of the race.
Did you know?
Statistically, pole position is more important at Monza than at Monaco. The winner of the Italian Grand Prix has started from pole in 13 out of the last 17 races, compared to only 10 occasions in Monte Carlo.
McLaren has won the Italian Grand Prix 10 times, most recently in 2012. Fernando Alonso has won the race twice, in 2007 with McLaren, and again in 2010; Jenson Button has finished second on three occasions.
Claire, aged 27, from London, asks: “How much work goes into the low downforce specification used at Monza?”
McLaren’s answer: “A bit of windtunnel time goes into perfecting the aero performance of the car, but not as much as in the past. Monza is now the only true low-downforce track of the year, and you cannot single out one race more than the others. A lot of work goes into brake cooling because you want the ducts to be as small as possible for aero purposes, but big enough to keep brake temperatures under control.”
The drivers on: the event
#14 Fernando Alonso
“Obviously, I have plenty of happy memories of racing in Italy, and I’ve been fortunate enough to have been the subject of both the Tifosi’s approval – and also their disapproval! But they are some of the greatest fans in the world, and their passion is what makes coming to Monza each year such a legendary experience. In many ways, Monza traditionally brings the curtain down on one part of the season, and the beginning of another – so it’s always an exciting place.”
#22 Jenson Button
“What is there left to say about Monza? It’s a unique, incredible racetrack – I love that its history surrounds the place – you just can’t ignore it. I also love that unique blend of Italian passion – and chaos – that engulfs the weekend. It also signals the end of the European season – which seems to have disappeared in a flash – so it’s a time of year when you really start to narrow your focus before the final fly-aways.”
Hear from the management
McLaren-Honda Racing Director
“As double-header races go, the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps and Autodromo Nazionale di Monza are a pretty epic combination. Both are dauntingly fast, achingly beautiful motor racing arenas, where the sport’s giants have triumphed, and where some of the greatest stories in Formula 1 have been forged.
“After Spa, we head to Monza with the knowledge and understanding that it won’t play to the full strengths of our latest package, but keen to further demonstrate the progress we’ve recently been making. Monza is likely to be another tough test, but we’re confident of the momentum we’ve gathered, and it’ll be interesting to see where we stand at a venue that favours out-and-out power above anything else.
“Still, there’s a determination and vigour within all at McLaren-Honda to see out the European season competitively, and to continue fighting as we head into the end-of-year flyways.”
Honda R&D Co Ltd Head of F1 Project & Executive Chief Engineer
“Monza is a high-speed, power-hungry, classic and legendary track with the longest full throttle percentage per lap on the 2016 calendar. The long straights and the nature of the turns will undoubtedly give us a difficult time over the race weekend, but we cannot deny the strong pull Monza has for everyone in F1, including Honda. The fans are incredibly passionate about the sport, and the atmosphere is nothing short of electric come race day. It’s always a special feeling to be part of the pinnacle of racing in Italy.
“The team did a great job pulling our strengths together last weekend despite Spa being a challenging track, and with the reliability issues we faced. The team was tested many times, but owing to their hard work and perseverance, we had a decent weekend.
“We will continue to target finishing in the points in the race, however tough it may be this weekend. We’re still investigating the problem with Fernando’s power units, but we’ll learn from our experiences and hopefully have another good weekend in Monza.”