Federico Gastaldi DEPUTY TEAM PRINCIPAL
After the first points of the season in the Spanish Grand Prix and a positive test afterwards, Deputy Team Principal Federico Gastaldi is buoyed-up heading to Monaco.
What does Monaco mean to you and the team?
For me and for everyone in the team it means a very busy week. Monaco is so unique and distinct; you really have to be there to understand it. Even then, after over 20 years in this business I’m not sure I truly understand Monaco! The track is such a challenge for the drivers and the engineers, and the barriers are so close to punish even the slightest mistake. The schedule over the week is different, with no F1 track sessions on the Friday, so it is unique in that respect. The amount of events and sponsor activities is quite something but we relish it because we like to over deliver for our partners and make them feel part of this special event.
Saxo Bank is on the sidepods in Monaco. How is that partnership developing?
Their name looks good there! We are delighted to take our relationship with Saxo Bank to the next level. Both Lotus F1 Team and Saxo Bank share a similar outlook and ethos. We enjoy taking on the more established players, so the backdrop of the Monaco Grand Prix is an excellent place for their brand to be seen in front of an exceptional worldwide audience. It is no secret that as a team we have had a tough start to our season, but this additional support from Saxo Bank is a strong endorsement of all the progress we are making.
How satisfying was it to get the first points on board for the team in Spain?
It was satisfying, but nevertheless it was a little frustrating too, as we knew that there was the potential for more. For everyone it the team, whether at the track or at Enstone, it was a reward for all the effort put in after such a difficult start to the year.
The post-race test looked pretty promising too?
Yes, it was promising as we had reliable running and were able to set good times over the course of many laps. It was good for Charles Pic to get some time in the car and he performed very well. It was a highly beneficial day for Pastor too as he completed over 100 laps with the E22 performing as it should. We won’t get carried away as it was just two days testing and we know we have lots of work still to do, but it was extremely motivating for everyone to see our car performing reliably and rapidly.
Has the team re-calibrated any targets for 2014 now points are on the board?
No. We are the last team in the paddock that will ever get carried away. Barcelona is over now and we only look forward. Our only targets are to continue the upward curve in performance and reliability and to ensure we are in the best position possible to score points. We want to get back to where we were in 2012 and 2013, which is challenging consistently at the front of the field. We are very pleased that we held 5th place on merit for many laps at Barcelona. That is where we should have been at the end of the race but it wasn’t to be. What it does is feeds us with more desire and motivation to get back amongst the top teams.
Were you impressed with the job Charles Pic did in testing last week?
Yes I was. Charles put in very good and accomplished performance indeed. We expected that, because he has two seasons of racing in F1 under his belt and he enjoys working through programs with the engineering team. Charles is very determined and focused meaning that if he was ever called upon he would be ‘plug in and play’. He is a great and committed member of Lotus F1 Team.
If you had one final chip at the Monaco Casino where would you place us for a race finish next weekend?
I’m not a betting man and I have been to enough Monaco Grands Prix to know that anything can happen there… and it usually does. Of course the cars should be really spectacular there with the added torque this year and it will be easy for the drivers to make mistakes. This could bite us or it could help us because overtaking is so difficult. We are cautiously optimistic to add to our points tally next weekend but I have to decline a bet on this occasion though!
ROMAIN GROSJEAN RACE DRIVER #8
Romain Grosjean heads to the Monaco Grand Prix with points in his pocket and plenty of local support…
How did it feel to score the team’s first points of the year in Spain?
It’s great for all the team and they certainly deserved it. They’ve been working very hard at Enstone and at the track and if you look at where we were in Australia and where we are now, it’s a massive step forward. So I’m proud of them all and happy with what we’re doing. It was a good reward for all of us.
What does Monaco mean to you?
It’s kind of the unofficial French Grand Prix first of all! It was great to see so much French support last year, with all the flags and banners. Then there are the unique challenges of such a special circuit. As a driver you have to stay calm and relaxed on a track that doesn’t allow for any mistakes. I’ve been super quick in the past, but also hit the walls! It’s an exciting and glamorous Grand Prix and always a step into the unknown, because it’s difficult to predict how well each car will work there. It’s a crazy week with all the focus and attention, but everyone loves Monaco.
What is your favourite part of the track?
Certainly not the walls! I do like the Casino corner which is quite nice, high-speed with a little bit of banking. The most difficult part would be the next section – Mirabeau, Loews and then the two Portier corners because you have to ‘create’ some speed.
How challenging will the new generation of F1 cars be to drive at Monaco?
It will be a challenge. There will be less grip than in the past, so we will have to be careful with the right foot. In terms of mapping, torque, energy and fuel saving I actually think it will be easier than most tracks because the race distance is shorter so we shouldn’t have to worry too much. Of course we’ll need the best drivability possible around the tricky sections, but the most important thing in Monaco is to trust your car and have confidence in it.
How satisfying is it when you put everything together for a good lap around Monaco?
When you finish a lap and you know it’s quick because you’ve given everything and you’re so close to the walls at every corner, it is something special. Finding the balance between pushing too hard and not enough makes a huge difference in Monaco.
Is it hard to keep your focus during such a busy event?
It true there are almost too many things to do. I will try to find some time for myself in my room and keep focusing on what I have to do. It’s a home Grand Prix for the sponsors, so very important for them and for us.
Do you think the recent improvements to the E22 will pay off in Monte Carlo?
The emphasis at Monaco is on low speed corners, which is not our greatest strength, but the team worked with Monaco in mind during the Barcelona test. Bumpy straights and a low grip surface are the other main Monaco characteristics and how well you adapt to them can make or break your weekend. We’ll do our best with set-up and of course Monaco is less engine dependent than most circuits, which is better for us. It was nice not only to score points in Barcelona, but also to be fifth on the grid in qualifying – if we can do that again in Monaco it’ll be very good for us…
Pastor Maldonado RACE DRIVER #13
The Special One
After setting the pace at the Barcelona post-race test, Pastor Maldonado is primed for the Monaco Grand Prix…
Was the Barcelona test as good as it looked?
Yes. I would say it was our first ‘normal’ test without any problems and we were able to complete our entire schedule. It was really important and a very positive test because we learnt so much more about the car. Everything is getting better and better in my opinion. Of course I’m happy with the result as well.
Can you feel the progress when you are driving the car?
The car has made a big step forward from where we were. The focus of the test was to continue to develop settings and try new ideas. It was a busy programme to be honest, but hopefully the rest of the season will be much better for us. We got a lot of data which our engineers took back to the factory to analyse in detail.
What’s the significance of such a positive test for the team?
I think it’s a great boost for everyone at Enstone and of course as a driver it gives me more confidence in the car so I can aim to achieve better results. If you think about where we were and where we are now it is an incredible step forward – particularly when the other teams are moving forward with their development too. It’s a true testament to the team’s capabilities and I hope we can start to get the results on track that we so deserve.
Looking ahead to Monaco, what makes it so special for you?
First of all it’s such an historic Grand Prix and an iconic race for Formula 1. I really love it. I’ve been very quick in the past and I think it is one of the most special weekends of the year. The atmosphere is unique. The track is really challenging and changes a lot over the sessions, which you need to anticipate. It’s difficult to be quick close to the walls and overall it’s a very tough race, demanding in terms of concentration and stressful physically and mentally. The only negative thing is that it is quite difficult to overtake, but it is not impossible.
What are your favourite parts of the circuit?
I really like the Casino and Swimming Pool sections. Every corner in Monaco has its own challenge, and own individual approach needed – that is probably the beauty of the circuit there. It’s where I live now so I might be biased, but it’s a very special place.
What are your early memories of Monaco?
Monaco was always my favourite track when I was watching Formula 1 on TV as a kid. Then the first time I went to a Grand Prix was also Monaco, in 2003, which was my first year in Formula Renault. Juan Pablo Montoya won and it was amazing to see how close they were to the wall and how quick the cars were, because they had V10 engines then. Another good Monaco memory for me is winning in GP2 in 2007 and 2009.
How difficult do you think it will be to drive the new F1 cars at Monaco, with all the new switches and settings?
We will be very busy in the cockpit with all the switches and changes to be made. We’re also going to face a big challenge as the tyres are harder than those we’ve used in Monaco in the past. In Barcelona we ran with the super-soft and were able to finish the lap without causing problems for the tyres, which was not the case in the past. So that’ll be a big question mark. For sure Mercedes is the strongest team at the moment but we are focused and pushing hard to catch them.
There has been a lot of talk about changes to improve Formula One, what would you like to see?
It’s difficult because ultimately the rules are the same for everyone. But I would like the performance of the cars to be closer. That is the main thing. Whatever the cars, whatever the teams, we need better competition. That’s certainly what we’re pushing for as a team; to be closer to the front.
NICK CHESTER TECHNICAL DIRECTOR
Moving On Up
Lotus F1 Team Technical Director Nick Chester explains how the performance of the E22 has been transformed in just five rounds…
It must have been a relief to score the first points of the year in Spain?
It was really good to get some points on the board. We always said we’d be back competing close to the front by Barcelona, but it’s easier said than done! Romain would have been even quicker in the race without an issue with a sensor on the power unit.
A lot of people have been impressed by the step forward the E22 has made, where exactly have we improved?
The two main areas of improvement are the power unit and aerodynamics. Renault Sport F1 have done a lot of work on mapping, so the power unit is starting to perform a lot better. Then on the chassis side there have been the aerodynamic improvements, which have brought more downforce and made the car more driveable. We’ve also improved through general set-up as well.
What are the remaining weaknesses?
We are still missing some straight-line speed, but we’re improving in that area too.
Tell us about the Barcelona test?
On the first day we had Charles Pic in the car for his first opportunity to drive the E22. We had to wait a bit for the track to dry out but we completed a lot of good running, trying some new aerodynamic parts, measuring aerodynamic performance and getting Charles happy in the car. His 70 laps provided us with good mileage and understanding of new performance parts. Charles did a great job, he really got to grips with the car pretty quickly and his feedback was good.
Pastor finished with the fastest lap time, what was his schedule?
Pastor had a really good day. Fully dry, 102 laps, which provided us with plenty of opportunity to evaluate more new parts. Some were for reliability proving, so we put a lot of miles on those, as well as aerodynamic tests including parts that will go to Monaco. Pastor also did some set-up work to make him more comfortable in the car and made a step in that area as well. Overall it was a really good test for us. There were no reliability issues that stopped the car running at all.
How much were you able to do for Monaco with the two tracks being so different?
You can prepare in the sense of finding a general performance improvement, such as more downforce. But in terms of a really detailed set-up, we know we’ll have to change that for Monaco.
What developments are in the pipeline for the E22?
There’s quite a lot for Monaco, including the usual ‘one-off’ aerodynamic package for maximum downforce, which will not be used at other circuits because it is quite ‘draggy’. There will also be a small modification to the cooling system and there are other aerodynamic developments aimed at making the car more stable. Do you think Monaco will suit the E22? Yes I think it will. Monaco is a bit of a strange place – a one off – so it’s always dangerous to assume your car will be good there. But I think it will suit the E22 and we should go fairly well. We’ll also be bringing some specific parts aimed at giving us more downforce at what is the highest downforce track of the year. Other new parts will help tune the car for the bumpy and low speed track characteristics. The parts we’ve tested so far look good and we’ll also have a new fuel from Total which should further improve power and driveability.
There’s still a lot of talk about the noise of the current cars, what can be done to change the sound?
There’s acoustic work going on with the FIA at the moment, looking at the shape of the megaphone exhaust because depending on how you shape it you can affect different frequencies. So you can bias it towards the frequencies that you want to pick up. Clearly there is still more work to do. Trying to change the sound using anything other than a new tailpipe would be a major challenge.
How much more performance is still to come from the new generation F1 cars this year?
There is quite a lot to come. Everyone is developing their cars pretty heavily at the moment and the power unit manufacturers are obviously on a much steeper curve than they were with the old V8s, so they are finding performance at a good rate. F1 cars are going to get significantly quicker during this year.
E22 SET UP
Sufficient front wing is needed to eliminate understeer through the first and final turns. Long right hand turn 3. Too much understeer here will kill the left front tyre.
We will have several high-downforce modifications to the E22 for Monaco, including a larger profiled rear wing which is essential on the streets of the principality.
Monaco has the greatest undulations relative to any circuit on the calendar meaning a soft car is required, allowing the tyres to retain contact with the tarmac as much as possible. This means softer roll bars and springs; the aim being to maximise mechanical grip without losing too much aerodynamic grip.
At Monaco it will be critical to ensure the brake balance that the drivers require for stable braking and entry to the corners is just right. Usually the brakes are not a big concern. The low speed layout means drivers are not braking as significantly as they would from a long straight into a first gear corner, and it’s also a shorter race than most so wear is not an issue. Monitoring temperatures is essential as there aren’t any real high speed sections to cool the brakes, and the relentless stop / start nature can compound heat generation. The brake callipers tend to run hotter in Monaco than any other track, so more attention is paid to them than normal.
The two softest Pirelli P Zero compounds have been selected for use at Monaco this year: the yellow soft and red super soft. The latter makes its 2014 debut and although there are some unknowns, the non-abrasive asphalt of the principality streets should ensure good racing. The low speed nature and relatively smooth track surface ensure that even though Monaco is a traction-limited circuit, where it is all stop and go, the team will be wary of stressing the rear tyres too much during the race.
The big unknown at Monaco will be how the new for 2014 power units will fare on the sinuous streets. The big talking point will be torque and driveability. Fuel consumption needs to be calculated very accurately, as the track gets quicker and quicker over the weekend.
ENGINE SET UP
Only 30secs of the lap is spent at full throttle so the emphasis is on driveability and engine response rather than outright performance. We explore the lower limits of the Power units here, managing the low torque levels into and out of the slow corners so the driver gets the correct response when he needs it. The barriers are so close that torque delivery is crucial – there cannot be any delay or overshoot as the car will end up in the barriers. Energy recovery is easy with the amount of braking points so Monaco is one of the few of the year where fuel consumption won’t be crucial, particularly as the overall race distance is so short.
There is only one formula: TALENT, TALENT, TALENT
Saxo Bank reinforces its commitment to high performance sports.
For the Monaco Grand Prix Saxo Bank will move into pole position with Lotus F1 Team where the leading online trading and investment specialist will feature on the E22’s sidepods.